Irrigation farming dates back to the Neolithic period. Middle Asia, Egypt, and Mesopotamia were all lands susceptible to spring flooding. Farmers sowed seeds in the silt once the waters receded. This made it possible for the plants to thrive without tilling the land. We refer to this as furrow irrigation.They developed hoe farming out of this method of farming. Some ancient farming methods included the building of ridges to protect fields. They also created canals for the watering of fields.
As farming techniques developed, the Egyptians & Chinese built irrigation canals, dams, and dykes to store water. Ancient Rome built aqueducts to carry water from snowmelt in the Alps to the cities below. They used this water for drinking, washing, and irrigation.
Today, farmers in Afghanistan, Vietnam and Iran irrigate half or more of their cropland. In Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Oman, farmers use irrigated farming in agricultural practices. Excessively moist countries like Great Britain, Germany, and Belgium make use of irrigation farming. The USSR uses irrigated farming extensively.